A recent report by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCI) found that for every 100,000 concussions sustained in the United States, approximately one person is diagnosed with at least one condition that is treatable.
That means that a large portion of those who are not treated will still be at risk for developing chronic pain and disability.
“We know from the NCI study that it’s important to be aware of all the risks associated with concussions, including pain, disability, and even death,” said Jennifer DeBlasio, director of research at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), a National Institutes of Health-funded research organization.
“It’s important for people to be educated about the different types of injuries that are associated with concussion, and the importance of being prepared and safe.”
Concussions are among the leading causes of death among men in the U.S. and Canada.
According to the National Institutes on Aging, in 2010, an estimated 14.7 million people suffered a concussion.
That’s one out of every four Americans, or one in every 100 people.
“If you get concussions early on in your career, you’re more likely to develop long-term chronic pain, which can be life-long,” DeBlatta said.
The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, or NINDS, has been tracking injuries to the deaf community since 1972.
In 2015, the agency reported that the U-shaped curve of the curve that appears in a concussive blow in the center of the skull, or the C1–C2 peak, was a marker of the extent of brain injury.
The most common symptoms of a concussion are numbness, tingling, tinnitus, and hearing loss.
While most people recover within a week or two, the average recovery time is 10 to 15 weeks, the report said.
While some concussions are diagnosed in a doctor’s office, many people don’t seek help until they need it.
“There are very few ways to identify someone who has had a concussion before, and they’re often reluctant to seek help,” said David J. McLean, director and chief of the NINES Center for Concussion Research.
For many people, the first symptom of a brain injury is numbness or tingles in the area of the brain involved with movement.
The sensation is a sign of a stroke or trauma to the brain, which is where concussions usually occur.
Concussions can also result from blunt trauma, such as falling from a tall building, or from a blow to the head, said J. Scott Travaglia, a neurologist and co-founder of the National Federation of the Blind.
A brain injury can also cause permanent damage to the nerves that control motor control.
Travagi said the typical response to a concussion is to slow down and focus on the physical side of things.
“But it’s very hard to do this while still aware of the impact of your injury,” he said.
“The first thing you need to do is get back to work.”
A concussion may also affect people’s ability to interact with others.
The severity of a head injury can vary greatly from one person to another.
“Many concussions aren’t as severe as they are for other types of trauma,” McLean said.
One of the most common concerns among people who are at risk of a long-lasting brain injury are fatigue, which has been linked to depression and fatigue.
The NINNS report also found that depression is the leading cause of disability among people with chronic pain.
Depression is also associated with chronic fatigue, although it’s unclear whether it’s caused by chronic concussion or by the effects of chronic pain that may accompany the injury.
For people who were at risk, the pain of a sports injury can be more severe than that of a mild concussion.
If a person is at risk and their symptoms worsen, they may seek help from a doctor or a specialist.
“A lot of people do not seek treatment until they feel they need treatment,” Mclean said.
It can take several years for symptoms to resolve.
While many concussions can be treated with medication, some people are reluctant to take it because they don’t want to risk permanent damage.
The CDC says people should not delay in seeking treatment for a concussion for more than a year after the injury, even if they have symptoms that don’t improve.
A second study published by the Journal of Neurosurgery found that patients who experienced mild or moderate symptoms, such a headache, are significantly more likely than those with mild or no symptoms to return to sports after the initial symptoms resolve.
“People who experience a concussion may have symptoms for at least six months after the concussion, but it takes at least 12 months for symptoms and long- term health to settle down,” McLeod said.